Digestibilidad in vitro del dsRNA específico por enzimas del tracto digestivo del camarón Litopenaeus vannamei

In vitro digestibility of specific dsRNA by enzymes of digestive tract of shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei

Ana R Álvarez-Sánchez, Héctor Nolasco-Soria, Humberto Mejía-Ruíz

Resumen


Objetivo. La digestibilidad del dsRNA específico para el virus de la mancha blanca (WSSV) por acción de las enzimas del tracto digestivo del camarón Litopenaeus vannamei fue analizada in vitro. Material y métodos. Se midió la actividad de enzimas digestivas (proteasa, amilasa, lipasa, ADNasa y ARNasa) en el estómago, la glándula digestiva, el intestino anterior, medio y posterior en juveniles de camarón patiblanco y se evaluó la digestibilidad de ácidos nucleicos ADN, ARN y dsRNA-ORF89 especifico contra el virus WSSV, por análisis electroforéticos y densitometría. Resultados. La actividad enzimática más alta se encontró en la glándula digestiva del camarón: amilasa (81.41%), lipasa (92.60%), proteasa (78.20%), ADNasa (90.85%) y ARNasa (93.14%). Se evidenció la capacidad digestiva del camarón patiblanco contra el ADN, ARN y dsRNA-ORF89 encontrando en la glándula digestiva la mayor digestión (5.11 ng de ADN por minuto, 8.55 ng de ARN por minuto y 1.48 ng de dsRNA por minuto). Conclusiones. La mayor digestibilidad del dsRNA-ORF89, específico contra el virus WSSV, se encontró en la glándula digestiva y la menor en el intestino posterior. Este es el primer informe relacionado con la digestibilidad del dsRNA-ORF89 por las enzimas del camarón patiblanco con potencial importancia terapéutica en el cultivo de camarón para prevenir la enfermedad del WSSV a través del alimento balanceado.


Palabras clave


Ácidos nucleicos; acuacultura; alimento balanceado; glándula digestiva; WSSV

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.1024

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