DOI: https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.1026

Epidemiological study and spatial modeling of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in central area of Iran

Estudio epidemiológico y modelación espacial de peste de pequeños rumiantes (PPR) en el área central de Irán

Azam Mokhtari, Zahra Azizi, Soheila Rabiaee Fradonbeh

Resumen


Objetivo. Estimar la prevalencia y el modelo espacial de PPR en la población de pequeños rumiantes de Chaharmahal y Bakhtiari, Irán, durante los años 2009-2014. Materiales y métodos. Los datos fueron recolectados de la organización veterinaria y las oficinas en la provincia de Chaharmahal y Bakhtiari y el análisis de datos se llevó a cabo utilizando IBM SPSS versión 22 y Office 2010. Para el sistema de información geográfica de modelado espacial se utilizó QGIS y PCI-Geomatic. Resultados. Este estudio mostró que la prevalencia general de PPR durante los años 2009 a 2014 fue de 1.37%. Las ciudades de Koohrang, Ardal, Lordegan, Ben, Borougen, Shahrekord, Farsan y Kiar tuvieron la mayor prevalencia de PPR, respectivamente. La mayor tasa de infección por PPR se observó en marzo y cabra más afectados que otros rumiantes. Conclusiones. Nuestros resultados proporcionan evidencia de una prevalencia bastante común de PPR y su distribución espacial en Chaharmahal y Bakhtiari provincia. El uso de pruebas estadísticas para el análisis de datos de PPR y su modelado espacial los investigadores pueden predecir la incidencia de la enfermedad en el futuro y podría seleccionar las medidas adecuadas de control de la enfermedad.


Palabras clave


Epidemiología, modelación espacial, peste des petits, prevalencia

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Referencias


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