DOI: https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.1138

Caracterización molecular de los subtipos de la GP60 de Cryptosporidium parvum y Cryptosporidium hominis alrededor del mundo

Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis GP60 subtypes worldwide

Catalina Avendaño Valenzuela, Alejandro Amaya Martínez

Resumen


Cryptosporidium es un parásito zoonótico muy importante en salud animal así como en salud pública. Esto se debe a que el parásito se constituye en una de las principales causas de diarrea en niños, terneros, corderos y una gran variedad de mamíferos jóvenes en una gran cantidad de países. Debido a que la globalización ha permitido el intercambio de material biológico en diferentes regiones alrededor del mundo, se ha favorecido la propagación de enfermedades y se han expuesto a los agentes biológicos a diferentes condiciones ambientales, induciendo así la adaptación a través de cambios genéticos. Con base en el polimorfismo del gen GP60, esta revisión pretende presentar la distribución de Cryptosporidium parvum y Cryptosporidium hominis en humanos y terneros alrededor del mundo. El subtipo que afecta con mayor frecuencia al ganado vacuno corresponde a IIaA15G2R1; en tanto que el subtipo aislado con mayor frecuencia a partir de las muestras humanas es IaA19G2.


Palabras clave


Criptosporidiosis; epidemiología molecular; salud pública

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Referencias


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