DOI: https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.1227

Characteristics of the puberty in hair ram lambs and its crosses in a non-seasonal country

Características de la pubertad en corderos de pelo y sus cruces en Colombia en condiciones de baja altitud

Liliana Chacón, Harvey Lozano Marquez, Jaumer Andrés Orozco Clavijo, Ariosto Ardila Silva

Resumen


Objetivo. Describir las características del inicio de la pubertad en corderos machos (Ovino de Pelo Colombiano, OPC) y sus cruces en una granja ubicada en Villavicencio, Meta. Materiales y métodos. Se evaluaron 15 corderos de tres razas: OPC x OPC (OPC), Santa Inés x OPC (SO) y Katahdin X OPC (KO), a partir de los cuatro meses de edad, cinco corderos por cruzamiento, manejados en pastoreo rotacional, con sal mineralizada comercial y agua a voluntad. Mensualmente hasta los doce meses de edad, se evaluó el peso corporal (PC), circunferencia escrotal (CE), volumen testicular (VT), y se determinó la concentración de testosterona en suero mediante la prueba de Elisa, se determinó la presencia del mediastino testicular mediante ecografía y se evalúo el desprendimiento de la prolongación uretral. Finalmente se determinaron las características macroscópicas y microscópicas del eyaculado. Resultados. El efecto racial o de cruzamiento fue significativo para los resultados del PC, CE y VT en el tiempo. Los cruces OPC y KO presentaron los valores más altos en PC, mientras que los corderos OPC mantuvieron un valor menor de PC hasta el final de la investigación. Se realizaron al menos cuatro evaluaciones seminales hasta la presentación de una concentración mínima de 150 millones de espermatozoides por ml con un 30% de motilidad progresiva individual. Conclusiones. En condiciones tropicales no estacionales en Colombia (Orinoquia), para las variables peso corporal, desarrollo testicular, morfología del pene, calidad del semen, concentración de espermatozoides y niveles de testosterona, se postula que alrededor de los seis meses de edad, se presenta el inicio de la pubertad en los tres biotipos.


Palabras clave


oveja criolla; madurez sexual; testosterona; desarrollo testicular

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