DOI: https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.1247

El sistema proteolítico calpaina en la tenderización de la carne: Un enfoque molecular.

Calpain System in meat tenderization: A molecular approach

María S. Coria, Pedro G. Carranza, Gustavo A. Palma

Resumen


a terneza de la carne es considerada como el atributo de mayor importancia en el concepto de calidad de carne. El proceso de tenderización de la carne post mortem es principalmente el resultado de la degradación de proteínas clave de las fibras musculares, mediado por las proteasas del sistema calpaína. Este sistema proteico está compuesto por tres moléculas: dos proteasas calcio-dependientes y su inhibidor específico. Numerosos estudios han demostrado que el sistema calpaína desempeña un papel central en la proteólisis postmortem y en la tenderización de la carne. El objetivo de esta revisión es describir los últimos descubrimientos bioquímicos y moleculares en relación con este sistema proteolítico y su relación con la terneza de la carne bovina. Se describen los hallazgos de polimorfismos de ADN y de expresión de ARNm y proteínas, como herramientas para predecir la terneza de la carne. La comprensión de las bases moleculares de la tenderización de la carne puede ser de utilidad para la industria cárnica, permitiendo la modificación de las prácticas de manipulación antes del sacrificio y los tratamientos post mortem, mejorando la calidad de la carne bovina.


Palabras clave


Bovinos; marcadores moleculares; terneza

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Referencias


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