DOI: https://doi.org/10.21897/rmvz.441

Detección de anticuerpos contra Anaplasma, Bartonella and Coxiella en habitantes rurales de un área del caribe colombiano

Salim Máttar, Miguel Parra

Resumen


Objetivo. Establecer la seroprevalencia de Bartonella spp, Anaplasma phagocytophilum (antes Erlichia) y Coexiella burnetii. Materiales y métodos. Se analizaron sueros representativos de un sector de la población en el año 2003, recolectados de personas que trabajan en actividades del campo en los departamentos de Córdoba y Sucre que sirvieron como población base de las muestras que se obtuvieron. Los trabajadores rurales elegidos a participar tenían entra 16 – 65 años de edad. Los sueros fueron examinados por IFA para detección de anticuerpos contra IgG para Bartonella spp, Erlichia Anaplasma phagocytophilum y Coexiella burnetii. Resultados. La seroprevalencia de anticuerpos de todos los microorganismos estudiados fue de 56.8%. De 81 muestras de suero analizadas el 26.6% fueron seropositivas contra C. burnetii, el 37.7% tuvieron anticuerpos contra Bartonella y el 20% de los individuos evaluados fueron seropositivos para Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Conclusiones. Nuestros datos indican que la prevalencia de anticuerpos contra Bartonella, A. phagocytophilum y C. burnetii son altos en nuestra región. Los resultados indican que estas enfermedades zoonoticas son muy comunes en las personas que residen en el área del caribe colombiano. Este estudio demuestra por primera vez la presencia de estos microorganismos en Colombia.

Palabras clave


Arthropod-borne; Colombia; Anaplasma; Bartonella; Coxiella; seroprevalence.

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Referencias


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