El canibalismo en la larvicultura de peces

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Víctor Atencio-García Evoy Zaniboni-Filho

Resumen

La conducta caníbal es común en los peces y se le considera una de las principales causas de mortalidad en la larvicultura. Esta conducta se define como un tipo especial de predación que consiste en matar a un coespecífico para consumirlo parcial o totalmente. El canibalismo ha sido clasificado en siete tipos dependiendo del estado de desarrollo de la presa, parentesco caníbal-presa y la relación de edad entre caníbal y presa. En la larvicultura el tipo de canibalismo es intracohorte o intercohorte. Además, se discuten las principales causas endógenas y exógenas que estimulan la ocurrencia del canibalismo en la naturaleza. Entre las causas endógenas se resalta la piscivoría, el cuidado parental y las diferencias de tamaño. Entre las causas exógenas se resalta la disponilidad de alimento y la densidad poblacional. Esta revisión presenta un listado de 55 especies de peces con potencialidad e importancia en la piscicultura que registran canibalismo durante la larvicultura. Como el canibalismo es una conducta adaptativa en condiciones de escasez de alimento, en la larvicultura su principal causa está asociada a la disponibilidad del alimento. Al final de la revisión se ofrecen recomendaciones para su control en la larvicultura.

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Detalles del artículo

Referencias

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