Contenido principal del artículo
AutoresMario Benítez-Mandujano Jesús T. Ponce-Palafox
Objective. Evaluate the effects of varying dietary protein and lipid levels on the growth and body composition of adult freshwater prawns, Macrobrachium carcinus (Linnaeus 1758), in a recirculation system for 11 weeks (77 days). Materials and methods. The experimental treatments were assigned in triplicate. Six test diets were formulated with three different protein levels (35, 40 and 45%) and two lipid levels (8 and 13%). Results. The highest survival rate, growth indices and feed utilization were observed for M. carcinus adults fed protein:lipid diets of 35:13, 40:13 and 45:13, and the lowest values for these parameters were recorded for prawns fed diets with the lowest lipid levels; the differences in these parameters between these types of diets were significant (p<0.05). A nonsignificant tendency for an increased percentage of protein in the body with an increased dietary protein level was observed. The percentage of lipids decreased with an increasing dietary protein level, and no definite trends in ash content were found. Conclusions. The results suggest that a diet with 35% dietary crude protein and 13% lipids enhances the growth and body composition of adult M. carcinus.
Detalles del artículo
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.
2. Benítez-Mandujano MA, Ponce-Palafox JT. Biología, ecología e investigación sobre el langostino de río Macrobrachium carcinus Linnaeus, 1958. Bloomington. USA: Palibros; 2012.
3. Gupta A, Sehgal HS, Sehgal GK. Growth and carcass composition of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man), fed different isonitrogenous and isocaloric diets. Aquacult Res 2007; 38:1355-1363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2007.01787.x
4. García-Ulloa M, Rodríguez H, Ogura T. Calidad del huevecillo de dos especies de langostino (Palemonidae) del genero Macrobrachium (M. rosenbergii, De Man, 1879, y M. tenellum, Smith, 1871) variando la dieta. Avances Invest Agropec 2004; 8:1-8.
5. Abbaspour L.D. Survival and growth of the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii in relation to different nutrients composition. J Fish Aquat Sc 2011; 6:649-654. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jfas.2011.649.654
6. William H. Official Methods of Analysis of A.O.A.C. Arlington, Virginia EE.UU.: The Association of Official Analytical Chemist Inc: 2005.
7. Montgomery, Douglas. Control Estadístico de la Calidad 3a Ed. México DF: Limusa-Wiley; 2004.
8. Danaher JJ, Tidwell JH, Coyle SD, Dasgupta S, Zimba PV. Effects of two densities of caged monosex nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, on water quality, phytoplankton populations, and production when polycultured with Macrobrachium rosenbergii in temperate ponds. J World Aquacult Soc 2007; 38(3):67–382. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-7345.2007.00109.x
9. Goda AM. Effect of dietary protein and lipid levels and protein–energy ratio on growth indices, feed utilization and body composition of freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii (de Man 1879) post larvae. Aquacult Res 2008; 39:891-901. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2109.2008.01947.x
10. Tidwell JH, Coyle SD, Dasgupta S. Effects of stocking different fractions of size graded juveniles prawns on production and population structure during a temperature-limited grow out period. Aquaculture 2004; 231:123-134. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(03)00544-1
11. Tidwell JH, Coyle SD, Bright LA, Van Arnum A, Weibel C. The effects of size grading and length of nursery period on growth and population structure of freshwater prawns stocked in temperate zone ponds with added substrates. Aquaculture 2003; 21:209-218. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(02)00341-1
12. Hossain MA, Siddique MAL, Miaje MAH. Development of low-cost feed for culture of giant fresh water prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii de Man in ponds. Bangladesh J Fish 2006; 4:127-134.
13. Manush SM, Pal K, Das T, Mukherjee SC. Dietary high protein and vitamin C mitigate stress due to chelate claw ablation in Macrobrachium rosenbergii males. Comp Biochem Physiol Part A Mol Integr Physiol 2006; 142(1):10–18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2005.07.004
14. Dos Santos EP, Leal ALG, Da Silva PMM, Correla EDS. Influence of different diets in freshwater prawn Macrobrachium carcinus (Linnaeus, 1758) larval survival. Acta Sci Biol Sci 2007; 29(2):121-124.
15. Ezquerra JM, Salazar JA, Bringas L, Rouzaud O. Effect of dietary protein on muscle collagen, collagenase and shear force of farmed white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Eur Food Res Technol 2003; 217(4):277-280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00217-003-0739-7
16. Sambhu C, Jayaprakas V. Effect of synthetic feed additive Stafac-20 on the growth characteristics of juveniles of white prawn Penaeus indicus (Crustacea/Penaeidea). Indian J Mar Sci 2003; 32:76-80.
17. Saravana Bhavan P, Radhakrishnan S, Seenivasan C, Shanthi R, Poongodi R, Kannan S. Proximate composition and profiles of amino acids and fatty acids in the muscle of adult males and females of commercially viable prawn species Macrobrachium rosenbergii collected from natural culture environments. Int J Biol 2010; 2(2):107-119.