Effect of sugarcane silage on productive parameters of replacement Holstein-Friesian heifers

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

José Reyes G Oziel Montañez-Valdez Candido Guerra M José Palma G

Resumen

ABSTRACT

Objective. Measure the productive parameters of Holstein-Friesian females from weaning to 470 days old, comparing feeding through sugarcane silage (SCS) and corn silage (CS) in a concentrated fodder ratio of 70:30. Materials and methods. Twenty-eight post-weaning calves were used, with an average age of 80±16 days old and an initial weight of 79.5±12.9 kg. The T-Student test was used for the comparison of means, where calves were divided into two groups of 14, one for each treatment. The body weight BW (kg), wither height WH (cm), body condition BC (1 to 5 scale), daily weight gain DWG (kg) and feed conversion FC (kg) was measured every 30 days. Results. Differences were found between treatments, where heifers fed with SCS showed better BC (3.12), FC (7.4) as compared to the CS treatment. No significant differences were found in terms of DWG (0.666 and 0.743 kg/d). Conclusions. Feeding based on sugarcane silage allows for an improved body condition and feed conversion of animals having with this an acceptable and cost-effective production performance in the raising of dairy replacements.

Palabras clave:

Detalles del artículo

Referencias

1. Vetharaniam I, Davis SR, Upsdell M. Modeling the effect of energy status on mammary gland growth and lactation. J Dairy Sci 2003; 86:3148-3156. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73916-2 http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73787-4

2. Schingoethe DJ, García A. Alimentación y manejo de becerras y vaquillas lecheras. ExEx [en línea] 2004 [acceso 25 de julio de 2013]; ExEx4020S. URL disponible en: http://pubstorage.sdstate.edu/AgBio_Publications/articles/ExEx4020S.pdf.

3. Silveira PE, Franco FR. Conservación de forrajes: Segunda parte. REDVET [en línea] 2006; [acceso 25 de julio de 2013]; 7(11). URL disponible en: http://www.veterinaria.org/revistas/redvet/n111106/110605.pdf

4. Santos MV, Gomez CA, Perea JP, García A, Guim A, Perez HM. Fatores que afetam o valor nutritivo da silagens de forrageiras tropicais. Arch Zootec 2010; 59:25-43.

5. Martín PC. La alimentación del ganado vacuno con ca-a de azúcar y sus subproductos. La Habana, Cuba: EDICA (Editorial del Instituto de Ciencia Animal); 2004.

6. Juárez LF, Vilaboa AJ, Díaz RP. La ca-a de azúcar (Saccharum officinarum): una alternativa para la sustitución de maíz (Zea mays) en la alimentación de bovinos de engorda. Sitio Argentino de Producción Animal [en línea] 2009 [acceso 25 de julio de 2013]; URL disponible en: http://www.produccion-animal.com.ar/informacion_tecnica/invernada_o_engorde_a_corral_o_feedlot/69-cana_azucar.pdf

7. Pardo NA. Manual de Nutrición Animal. Colombia: Editorial Grupo Latino; 2007.

8. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Anuario estadístico del estado de Jalisco. México: [en línea] 2010. [fecha de acceso 20 de noviembre de 2013] URL disponible en: http://www3.inegi.org.mx/sistemas/mexicocifras/default.aspx?e=14

9. Edmonson AJ, Lean IJ, Weaver LD, Farver T, Webster G. A body condition scoring chart for Holstein dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 1989; 72:68-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(89)79081-0

10. AOAC. Official Methods of Analysis (18th) Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Arligton (VA), Washington DC: AOAC; 2006.

11. Martín PC, Palma JM. Manual para fincas y ranchos ganaderos. Colima, México: AgroSystems Editing; 1999.

12. SAS. User guide: statics. Versión 8.0 Edition. Cary (NC): SAS institute Inc; 2009.

13. Gabler MT, Heinrichs AJ. Dietary protein to metabolizable energy rations on feed efficiency and structural growth of prepubertal Holstein heifers. J Dairy Sci 2003; 86:268-274. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(03)73605-4

14. Daniels KM, McGillard ML, Boyle PL, Meyer MJ, Van Amburgh ME, Capuco AV, et al. Effect of increasing energy and protein intake on mammary development in heifer calves. J Dairy Sci 2005; 88:595–603. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(05)72723-5

15. Meyer MJ, Capuco AV, Ross DA, Lintault LM, Van Amburgh ME. Developmental and nutritional regulation of the prepubertal heifer mammary gland: I. Parenchyma and fat pad mass and composition. J Dairy Sci 2006; 89:4289–4297. http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(06)72475-4

16. Pedroso AD, Nussio LG, Paziani SDF, Loures DRS, Igarasi MS, Coelho RM, et al. Fermentation and epiphytic microflora dynamics in sugar cane silage. Sci Agric 2005; 62:427-432. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162005000500003

17. Suksombat W, Junpanichcharoen P. Feeding of sugar cane silage to dairy cattle during the dry season. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 2005; 18:1125-1129. http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.345 http://dx.doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2005.1125

18. Osnaya GF. Efecto del sistema de pastoreo rotacional en la crianza de vaquillas Holstein-Friesian sobre la eficiencia reproductiva. [Tesis Doctoral]. Colima, México: Universidad de Colima; 2000.

19. Plaza J, Martínez X, Ybalmea R, Enriquez V. Vermisol o la urea para el control parasitario de terneras en pastos tropicales. Rev Cub Cienc Agric 2000; 34:293-297.

20. Zamora A, Plaza J, Lara A. Nota acerca de un sistema de alimentación y manejo de novillas lecheras. Rev Cub Cienc Agríc 2000; 34:119-123.

21. Plazas R, y González M. Comparación de dos sistemas de cría de terneras Holstein, pastoreo y estabulación en la finca Villa María municipio Firavitoba – Boyacá. Conexión Agropecuaria 2012; 2:15-24.

22. NRC. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 7th Revised Edition. Washington DC: National Academy Press; 2007.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.