Primer reporte de necrosis avascular de cabeza femoral en una cabra (Capra aegagrus hircus) en el Perú

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Eben Amed Salinas Campos https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0435-7299 Irma Celi Mariategui https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8640-1515

Resumen

Se reporta el caso de una cabra macho de raza alpina de 7 meses de edad, que presentaba claudicación del miembro posterior derecho sin causa definida. Se realizaron los exámenes clínicos y radiográficos, sugiriendo luxación traumática o necrosis avascular de cabeza femoral con consecuente enfermedad degenerativa articular. Se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico mediante artroplastia por excisión de cabeza y cuello femoral. El estudio histopatológico mediante la coloración de hematoxilina y eosina describió: hueso necrótico, lagunas conteniendo osteocitos necróticos, además de médula ósea necrótica. Esta información comprobó el diagnóstico de necrosis avascular de la cabeza y cuello femoral. En el post quirúrgico, la recuperación clínica del paciente se consideró buena, mitigando el dolor y mejorando la función del miembro afectado. El presente caso se trata del primer reporte de esta enfermedad en caprinos en el Perú.


 


 

Palabras clave:

Detalles del artículo

Referencias

1. Jankovits DA, Liska WD, Kalis RH. Treatment of avascular necrosis of the femoral head in small dogs with micro total hip replacement. Vet Surg. 2012; 41(1):143-147. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950x.2011.00925.x

2. Boss JH, Misselevich I. Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head of Laboratory Animals: The Lessons Learned from a Comparative Study of Osteonecrosis in Man and Experimental Animals. Vet Pathol. 2003; 40:345-354. https://doi.org/10.1354/vp.40-4-345

3. Cardoso CB, Rahal SC, Mamprim MJ, Salvador H, Melchert A, Figueroa J, et al. Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head in Dogs - Retrospective Study. Acta Scientiae Veterinariae. 2018; 46:1537. https://doi.org/10.22456/1679-9216.81845

4. Xie XH, Wang XL, Yang HL, Zhao DW, Qin L. Steroid-associated osteonecrosis: Epidemiology, pathophysiology, animal model, prevention, and potential treatments (an overview). J Orthop Translat. 2015; 3(2):58-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jot.2014.12.002

5. Yang S, Wu X, Mei R, Yang C, Li J, Xu W, Ye S. Biomaterial-loaded allograft threaded cage for the treatment of femoral head osteonecrosis in a goat model. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2008; 100(3):560-56. https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.21792

6. DeCamp CE, Johnston SA, Déjardin LM, Schaefer SL. The hip joint. In: Piermattei D.L. (Ed). Brinker, Piermattei, and Flo’s handbook of small animal orthopedics and fracture repair. 5th edn. St. Louis: Elsevier; 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-1-4377-2364-9.00025-2

7. Scherzer C, Windhagen H, Nellesen J, Crostack HA, Rohn K, Witte F, Thorey F, et al. Comparative structural analysis of the canine femoral head in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. Vet Radiol Ultrasound. 2009; 50(4):404-411. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-8261.2009.01557.x

8. Fitzpatrick, N, Pratola, L, Yeadon, R. Total hip replacement after failed femoral head and neck excision in two dogs and two cats. Vet Surg. 2011; 41:136–142. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950x.2011.00940.x

9. Harper T. Femoral Head and Neck Excision. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice. 2017; 47:885–897. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.03.002

10. Zhu ZH, Gao YS, Luo SH, Zeng BF, Zhang CQ. An animal model of femoral head osteonecrosis induced by a single injection of absolute alcohol: An experimental study. Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research. 2011; 17(4):97–102. https://doi.org/10.12659/msm.881708

11. Crawford C, Allen B, Powers D. Growth Profiles and Articular Cartilage Characterization in a Goat Model of Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease. Journal of lnvestigative Surgery. 1995; 8:391-408. https://doi.org/10.3109/08941939509031606

12. Tang TT, Lu B, Yue B, Xie XH, Xie YZ, Dai KR, et al. Treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head with hBMP-2-gene-modified tissueengineered bone in goats. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2007; 89(1):127-132. https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.89b1.18350

13. Harwood D, Mueller K. Goat Medicine and Surgery. CRC Press. 2018. https://www.crcpress.com/Goat-Medicine-and-Surgery/Harwood-Mueller/p/book/9781498748636#googlePreviewContainer

14. Kobayashi R, Kurotaki T, Yamada N, Kumabe S, Doi T, Wako Y, Tsuchitani M. Spontaneous and bilateral necrosis of the femoral head in a young experimental beagle dog. Toxicol Pathol. 2015; 28:121–124. https://doi.org/10.1293/tox.2014-0060

15. Winders CLB, Vaughn WL, Birdwhistell KE, Holsworth IG, Franklin SP. Accuracy of femoral head and neck excision via a craniolateral approach or a ventral approach. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. 2018; 31(2):102-107. https://doi.org/10.3415/vcot-17-07-0099

16. Off W, Matis U. Excision arthroplasty of the hip joint in dogs and cats. Clinical, radiographic, and gait analysis findings from the Department of Surgery, Veterinary Faculty of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich, Germany. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2010; 23(5):297–305. https://www.orthovet.org/files/vcot_2010-23-5_13649_0.pdf

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.