Contenido principal del artículo
AutoresLesley S. Bueno Fabiana R. Caldara Irenilza A. Nääs Douglas D. Salgado Rodrigo G. García Ibiara C.L. Almeida Paz
Objective. The research was conducted to evaluate the main causes of carcass condemnation, as well as the financial loss caused by it, at a commercial slaughterhouse located in Dourados, MS, Brazil. Materials and methods. The data related to carcass condemnation, for the years 2007 to 2009 was obtained from a commercial slaughterhouse, located in the city of Dourados, MS, Brazil, and turned into a percentage of the total number of animals slaughtered during that period. The most frequent causes of carcass condemnation (total or partial) were grouped into classes (pleurisy + pneumonia; enteritis; arthritis; abscesses; fractures/hematomas + contusions + death). The financial loss by the slaughterhouse was estimated using the condemnation data. Results. The total rate of carcass condemnation was low and tended to stability (<0.45%). The most prevalent causes of condemnation during the study period were abscesses and death in the transport, which together accounted for approximately 40% of all condemnation. The condemnation due to health problems tended to decrease or to be stable over the years. However, the condemnations caused by management problems (abscesses, fractures, contusions and death) showed a significant increase. The average loss to the integrative company according to the carcasses condemnation was exceeding U$1,600,000.00 in the years studied. Conclusions. The main causes of carcass condemnation come from management failure. The annual loss by the company can be invested in the training of manpower in order to reduce the rates of carcass condemnation.
Detalles del artículo
Esta obra está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.
2. Sobestianky J, Martins MIS, Barcellos DESH, Sobral VBGM. Formas anormais de comportamento dos suínos: possíveis causas e alternativas de controle. Concórdia: EMBRAPA-CNPSA; 1991.
3. Maes DG, Deluyker H, Verdonck M, Kruif A, Ducatelle R, Castryck F et al. Non-infectious factors associated with macroscopic and microscopic lung lesions in slaughter pigs from farrow-to-finish herds. Vet Rec 2001; 148(2):41-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.148.2.41
4. Walker PK, Bilkei G. Tail-biting in outdoor pig production. Vet J 2006; 171 (2):367–369. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2004.10.011
5. Yeates JW, Main DC. Assessment of positive welfare: A review. Vet J 2008; 175(3):293-300. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.05.009
6. Minitab Inc. Minitab® 184.108.40.206. State College, 2006.
7. Bench C, Schaefer A, Faucitano L. The welfare of pigs during transport. In: Schaefer A, Faucitano L. Welfare of pigs: from birth to slaughter. New York: Wageningen Academic; 2008, 6:161-180.
8. Averós X, Knowles T, Brown SN, Warriss PD, Gosálvez LF. Factors affecting the mortality of pigs being transported to slaughter. Vet Rec 2008; 163:386-390. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.163.13.386
9. Averós X, Knowles T, Brown SN, Warriss PD, Gosálvez LF. Factors affecting the mortality of weaned piglets during commercial transport between farms. Vet Rec 2010; 167:815-819. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.c6226
10. Lambooij E, Hulsegge B, Klont RE, Winkelman-Goedhart HA, Reimert HG, Kranen RW. Effects of housing conditions of slaughter pigs on some post-mortem muscle metabolites and pork quality characteristics. Meat Sci 2004; 66(4):855-862. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2003.08.007
11. Vecerek V, Malena M, Malena Jr M,Voslarova E,Chloupek P. The impact of the transport distance and season on losses of fattened pigs during transport to the slaughterhouse in the Czech Republic in the period from 1997 to 2004. Vet Med 2006; 51(1):21-28.
12. Werner C, Reiners K, Wicke M. Mortality rates during transport of slaughter pigs. Fleischwirtschaft 2005; 85:135-136.
13. Andreasen M, Mousing J, Thomsen LK. No simple association between time elapsed from seroconvertion until slaughter and the extent of lung lesions in Danish swine. Prev Vet Med 2001; 52(2):147-161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5877(01)00242-2
14. Frailea L, Alegrea A, López-Jiménez R, Nofraríasa M, Segalés J. Risk factors associated with pleurisy and cranio-ventral pulmonary consolidation in slaughter-aged pigs. Vet J 2010; 183(3):326-333. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.03.029
15. Merialdi G, Dottori M, Bonilauri P, Luppi A, Gozio S, Pozzi P, et al. Survey of pleuritis and pulmonary lesions in pigs at abattoir with a focus on the extent of the condition and herd risk factors. Vet J 2012; 193(1):234-239. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2011.11.009
16. Liljegren C.H, Aalbaek B, Nielsen OL, Jensen HE. Some new aspects of the pathology, pathogenesis, and aetiology of disseminated lung lesions in slaughter pigs. APMIS 2003; 111(5):531-538. http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0463.2003.1110501.x
17. Martínez J, Jaro PJ, Aduriz G, Gómez EA, Peris B, Corpa JM. Carcass condemnation causes of growth retarded pigs at slaughter. Vet J 2007; 174(1):160-164. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2006.05.005