Importancia de la utilización de diferentes tecnicas de digestibilidad en la nutricion y formulacion porcina

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Jaime Parra Andrés Goméz Z

Resumen

El valor nutricional de una ración para cerdos, puede ser expresado mediante el coeficiente de digestibilidad y según el lugar de colecta de la muestra se determina el tipo de digestibilidad: 1) Digestibilidad ileal (DI), tiene como finalidad incrementar la exactitud en la determinación del aporte de los nutrimentos, mediante la utilización de animales modificados quirúrgicamente. 2) Digestibilidad fecal (DF), es una técnica simple de realizar, sin embargo, la proporción digestible de un nutrimento es modificada por las bacterias del intestino grueso, observándose un cambio en el perfil de aminoácidos del contenido ileal con respecto al perfil en las heces. Independientemente del lugar y de la técnica empleada para la obtención de la muestra, se pueden determinar varios tipos de digestibilidad: 1) Digestibilidad aparente (DA), con este método no se conoce la proporción de la proteína y/o aminoácidos (AA) que provienen de la dieta o de la secreción de nitrógeno endógeno (NE), y solo permite asumir que cantidad del alimento fue asimilado por el animal. 2) Digestibilidad verdadera (DV), contempla la excreción de NE en sus cálculos, por lo cual ofrece un valor más exacto de la digestión de algún alimento. 3) Digestibilidad real, es determinada mediante la corrección de la DA de los AA por la cantidad de AA endógenos usando una técnica de dilución isotópica. 4) Digestibilidad estandarizada, es calculada mediante la corrección de la DA por las pérdidas endógenas mínimas de AA usando un flujo promedio de AA endógenos.

Palabras clave:

Detalles del artículo

Referencias

1. Espinal GCF, Martínez CHJ, Acevedo GX. 2005. La cadena de cereales, alimentos balanceados para animales, avicultura y porcicultura en Colombia. Una mirada global de su estructura y dinámica. 2005. http:/ /www.agrocadenas.gov.co/balanceados/ documentos/caracterizacion_cereales.pdf

2. Fan MZ, Sauer WC, Hardin RT, Lien KA. Determination of apparent ileal amino acid digestibility in pigs: effect of dietary amino acid level. J Anim Sci 1994; 72: 2851-2859.

3. Lizardo R. Exploration de l´adaptation de la capacité digestive du porcelet après le sevrage: effects des facteures antinutritionnels et des polysaccharides non amilacés sur l´activité des enzimes, la digestibilité et les performances zootéchniques.[Thése de Doctorat]. France: Université de Rennes I; 1997.

4. Low AG. Digestion and absorption of nutrients in growing pigs. Proc Nutr Soc 1976; 35:57-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PNS19760009

5. Reis de Souza TC, Mariscal LG. 1997. El destete, la función digestiva y la digestibilidad de los alimentos en cerdos jóvenes. Téc Pecu Méx 1997; 35:145-150.

6. Henry Y. Signification de la proteine equilibree pour le porc: intèret et limits. INRA Prod Anim 1988; 1:65-75.

7. Williams PEV. Digestible amino acid for non-ruminant animal: Theory and recent chanllenges. Anim Feed Sci Techno 1995; 53:173-178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(95)02008-N

8. Nyachoti CM, de Lange CFM, McBride BW, Schulze H. Significance of endogenous gut nitrogen losses in the nutrition of growing pigs: A review. Can J Anim Sci 1997; 77:149-163. http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/A96-044

9. Moughan P J, Smith WC. 87. A note on the effect of cannulation of the terminal ileum of the growing pig on the apparent ileal digestibility of amino acids in ground barley. Anim Prod 1987; 44:319-321. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003356100018699

10. Cunningham HM, Friend DW, Nicholson JWG. 1962. Note on a re-entrant fistula for digestion estudies whit pigs. Can J Anim Sci 1962; 42:112-113. http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjas62-017

11. Sauer WC, Lange CFM. Novel methods determining protein and amino acids digestibilities in feedstuffs. En: S. Nissen, ed. Modern methods in protein nutrition and metabolism. London, UK: Academic Press, Inc., 1992.

12. Sauer W, Ozimek L. Digestibility of amino acid in swine: Results and their practical applications. A review. Livest Prod Sci 1986; 15:367-388. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-6226(86)90076-X

13. Darcy-Vrillon B, Laplace JP, Villiers PA. Collection of digesta flowing into the large intestine after post-ileocolic valve fistulation: preliminary results. Reprod Nutr Dev 1980; 20:1197-202.

14. Laplace JP, Darcy-Vrillon B, Duval-Iflah Y, Raibaud P. Proteins in the digesta of the pig: amino acid composition of endogenous, bacterial and fecal fractions. Reprod Nutr Dev 1985; 25:1083-1899. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/rnd:19850808

15. Darcy-Vrillon B, Laplace JP. Digesta collection procedure may affect ileal digestibility in pigs fed diets based on wheat bran or beet pulp. Anim Feed Sci Techno 1990; 27:307-316. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(90)90145-X

16. Imbeah M, Sauer WC, Mosenthin R. The prediction of the digestible amino acid supply in barley-soybean meal or canola meal diets and pancreatic enzyme secretion in pigs. J Anim Sci 1998; 66:1409-1417. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas1988.6661409x

17. Butts CA, Moughan PJ, Smith WC, Reynolds GW, Garrick DJ. The effect of food dry matter intake on endogenous ileal amino acid excretion determined under peptide alimentation in the 50 kg liveweigth pig. J Sci Food Agric 1993; 62:235-243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740620306

18. Batterham ES, Andersen LM, Baigent DR. Utilization of ileal digestible amino acids by growing pigs: Methionine. Br J Nutr 1994; 70:711-720. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN19930166

19. van Leeuwen P, van Kleef DJ, van Kempen GJM, Huisman J, Verstegen, MWA. The post-valve T-caecum cannulation technique in pigs applicated (sic) to determine the digestibility of amino acid in maize, groundnut, and sunflower seed. J Anim Physio Anim Nutr 1991; 65:183-193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0396.1991.tb00256.x

20. Van Leeuwen P, Huisman J, Baak M, van Kleef D, Verstegen MWA, den Hartog LA. A new technique for cuantitative collection of ileal chime in pigs. En: Proc. 4th International Seminar on Digestive Physiology in the Pigs. Jablonna, Poland: 1998.

21. Fuller MF, Livingstone RM. Annual report of studies in Animal Nutrition and allied Sciences. Scotland: Rowett Research Institut; 1982.

22. Köhler T, Verstegen MWA, Huisman J, den Hartong LA, Ahrens F. Effect of ileo-rectal anastomosis and post-valve T- caecum cannulation of growings pigs. 1. Growth performance, N-balance and intestinal adaptation. Br J Nutr 1992; 68:293-303. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/BJN19920086

23. Picard M, Bertrand S, Genin F, Maillard M. Digestibilitè des acides aminès: intèret de la technique du shunt ileorectal chez le porc. Journèes de la Recheche Porcine 1984; 16:355-360.

24. Chabeauti E, Noblet J, Carré B. Digestion of plant cell walls from four different sources in growing pigs. Anim Feed Sci Techno 1991; 32:207-213. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(91)90024-M

25. Low AG, Zebrowska T. Digestion in pigs. En: Protein Metabolism in Farm Animals. Evaluation, Digestion, Absorption and Meatbolism (eds. Bock H-D, BO Eggum, AG Low, O Simon, and T Zebrowska). Oxford, UK; Ed Oxford University Press; 1989.

26. Takahashi M, Beno Y, Mitsuoka T. Utilization of ammonia nitrogen by intestinal bacteria isolated from pigs. Appl Environ Microbiol 1980; 39:30-35.

27. Allison MJ, Robinson IM, Bucklin JA, Booth GD. Comparison of bacterial populations of the pig cecum and colon based upon enumeration with specific energy sources. Appl Environ Microbiol 1979; 37:1142-1151.

28. Dierick NA, Vervaeke IJ, Decuypere JA, Hendrick HK. Influence of the gut flora and of some growth-promoting feed additives on nitrogen metabolism in pigs. I Studies in vivo. Lives Prod Sci 1986; 14:177-193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-6226(86)90006-0

29. Just A, Jorgensen H, Fernandez JA. Correlation of protein deposited in growing female pigs to ileal and faecal digestible crude protein and amino acids. Lives Prod Sci 1985; 12:145-149. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-6226(85)90087-9

30. Low AG. Digestibility and availability of amino acids from feedstuffs for pigs. Lives Prod Sci 1982; 9:511-520. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0301-6226(82)90055-0

31. Souffrant WB. Endogenous nitrogen losses during digestion in pigs. En: MWA Verstegen, J Huisman, den Hartog, L.A. (eds.), Proc. of the 5th International Symposium on Digestive Physiology in Pigs. Pudoc, Wageningen, The Netherlands. 1991.

32. Caine WR, Sauer WC, Tamminga S, Verstegen MWA, Schulze H. Apparent ileal digestibilities of amino acids in newly weaned pigs fed diets with protease-treated soybean meal. J Anim Sci 1997; 75:2962-2969. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/1997.75112962x http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/1997.75112970x

33. Sauer WC, Dungan M, de Lange K, Imbeah M, Mosenthin R. Considerations in methodology for the determination of amino acid digestibilities in feedstuffs for pigs. En: Friedman, M. (ed). Absorption and Utilization of amino acid of Amino Acid, Vol. III. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press; 1989.

34. Fan MZ, Sauer WC. Determination of apparent ileal amino acid digestibility in barley and canola meal for pigs with the direct, difference and regression methods. J Anim Sci 1995; 73:2364- 2374. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/1995.7382364x

35. Low AG. Protein evaluation in pigs and poultry. En: Physiology Digestive Feedstuffs Evaluation. Butterworth, London: 1990.

36. Fan MZ, Sauer WC, Gabert VM. Variability of apparent ileal amino acid digestibility in canola meal for growingfinishing pigs. Can J Anim Sci 1996; 76:563-569. http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjas96-084

37. Fan MZ, Sauer WC. Determination of true ileal amino acid digestibility in feedstuffs for pigs with linear relationships between distal ileal outpouts and dietary inputs of amino acids. J Sci Food Agri 1997; 73:189- 199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199702)73:2<189::AID-JSFA702>3.3.CO;2-E http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199702)73:2<189::AID-JSFA702>3.0.CO;2-N

38. de Lange CMM, Souffrant WB, Sauer WC. Real ileal protein and amino acid digestibilities in feedstuffs for growing pigs as determined with the 15N-Isotope dilution technique. J Anim Sci 1990; 68: 409-418. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/1990.682409x

39. Rademacher M, Sauer WC, Jansman JM. Standarized ileal digestibility of amino acids in pigs. Franffurt, Germany: Degusa-Hüls; 1999.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.