Egg yolk and LDL: possibilities for artificial insemination in equines

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Autores

Igor Canisso Fernando Souza Erotides Silva Mastoby Martinez Anali Lima

Resumen

La industria equina ejerce un importante papel como fuente generadora de empleo y renta. Las biotecnologías de la reproducción constituyen una valiosa herramienta para la mejora mundial en la especie equina. Dentro de las técnicas se encuentra la inseminación artificial (IA), que probablemente es la biotecnología con mayor impacto en la equino-cultura, una vez que un garañón pueda producir centenas de productos de buena calidad a lo largo de su vida reproductiva. En algunos países la yema de huevo es utilizada como medio de dilución para semen equino, porque puede proporcionar a los espermatozoides “factores de resistencia”. Los efectos protectores de este medio probablemente sean ejercidos por las lipoproteínas de baja densidad (LDL). Diversos estudios han relatado el suceso cuando substituyen yema de huevo por LDL. También existen trabajos orientados a la utilización de yema de huevo como constituyente del medio de dilución para semen de garañones conservados a temperaturas de refrigeración y congelación. Se requiere de nuevas investigaciones para entender los mecanismos protectores de la yema del huevo y las LDL para el semen del garañón. El objetivo de la presente revisión fue contextualizar sobre la utilización de la yema de huevo y las LDL como medio de dilución del semen equino, pudiéndose esta última, constituir en una gran solución como medio de dilución en la inseminación artificial de esta especie animal.

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Referencias

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