The effect of changing the pre-slaughter handling on bovine cattle DFD meat

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Autores

Cristina Pérez-Linares Alberto Barreras S Eduardo Sánchez L Bárbara Herrera S Fernando Figueroa-Saavedra

Resumen

ABSTRACT

Objective. To evaluate the effect that a series of changes in the handling techniques used throughout the pre and post slaughter periods and during the handling of cooled carcass have on the presence of DFD (Dark, firm and dry) meat. Materials and methods. Odds ratios (OR) and confidence intervals were estimated applying logistic regression models. Data from 18 visits to the slaughterhouse regarding: animal handling on arrival, slaughter period, and carcass storage was obtained through the use of a questionnaire. A total of 572 carcasses were analyzed to determine DFD meat using pH and color (L*, a*, b* and C*) measurements done on the Longissimus dorsi muscle. Results. Even after of the changes were made, the lairage period to slaughter continued to be a factor (p<0.05) associated to the presence of DFD meat (OR=1.13). Of the complementary variables, the amount of time that cattle spent on the resting pens was associated (p<0.05) to the presence of DFD meat (OR=1.003). Conclusions. Regardless of the changes made in the ante mortem handling, a high frequency of DFD was found (39%), suggesting a permanent audit program to detect other critical points in the supply chain.

RESUMEN

Objetivo. Para evaluar el efecto de una serie de modificaciones en las técnicas de manejo usadas en el periodo pre y post-sacrificio y manejo de las canales en refrigeración en relación con la presencia de carne DFD (dura, firme y seca). Materiales y métodos. Se obtuvieron razones de desigualdad e intervalos de confianza empleando modelos de regresión logística. En 18 visitas a la planta de sacrificio, se aplicó un cuestionario obteniendo información sobre manejo de los animales desde su llegada a la planta, etapa de sacrificio y almacenamiento de las canales. Se estimó la frecuencia de carne DFD de analizar un total de 572 canales, registrando en el Longissimus dorsi pH y color (L*, a* b*, C*). Results. De las modificaciones realizadas, el tiempo de permanencia al sacrificio sigue siendo fue un factor asociado (p<0.05) a la presencia de carne DFD (OR=1.13). De las variables complementarias, el tiempo de espera en los corrales de descanso resultó correlacionado (p<0.05) a la presencia de carne DFD (OR=1.003). Conclusiones. Independientemente de los cambios realizados en el manejo ante mortem, se encontró una alta frecuencia de carne DFD (39%), sugiriendo un programa de auditoría permanente para detectar otros puntos críticos de la cadena logística.

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Referencias

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