PATOGENESIS DE Listeria monocytogenes, MICROORGANISMO ZOONOTICO EMERGENTE.

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Kirvis Torres Sara Sierra Raul Potou Ana Carrascal Marcela Mercado

Resumen

Listeria monocytogenes además de ser un paradigma para la investigación inmunológica se ha convertido en sistema modelo apropiado para el análisis de los mecanismos moleculares del parasitismo intracelular de otras bacterias. Investigadores en el área de la inmunología se interesaron en este microorganismo cuando se reconoció el riesgo que representaba para la salud pública y la seguridad en la industria de alimentos. Desde mediados de los años 80’s se ha investigado la biología molecular de los marcadores de virulencia de este microorganismo, la biología celular de las interacciones de los marcadores de virulencia con los receptores de la célula hospedero, el citoesqueleto, las vías de transducción de señales y los mecanismos de inmunidad mediada por células del hospedero. El propósito de esta revisión es describir algunas características taxonómicas y filogenéticas de Listeria monocytogenes , la incidencia humana y animal de varios serotipos, la fisiopatología de la infección , modelos animales y de cultivo celular utilizados para estudios de virulencia, las poblaciones de riesgo, manifestaciones clínicas de listeriosis humana y animal, el tratamiento, la organización genética y evolución de los determinantes de virulencia, los mecanismos empleados para interactuar con la célula hospedera, y los mecanismos para escapar de los procesos de muerte celular y pasar de una célula infectada a otra. La información recopilada resulta de gran importancia para el personal de salud, industria, consumidores y población de riesgo; razón por la cual Listeria monocytogenes es un patógeno que representa una amenaza para la salud pública mundial.

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Detalles del artículo

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