Criptosporidiosis: una zoonosis parasitaria

Contenido principal del artículo

Autores

Claudia Vergara. Joaquín Quílez

Resumen

La criptosporidiosis es una enfermedad parasitaria producida por protozoos coccidios pertenecientes al género Cryptosporidium . Su importancia se puso de manifiesto a comienzos de los años 1980 por lo que puede considerarse una patología de conocimiento relativamente reciente, aunque actualmente se ha demostrado que es una de las infecciones entéricas más frecuentes en humanos y animales y un problema de salud pública en todo el mundo (Casemore et al. 1997). La especie de mayor interés dentro del género, y a la cual nos referiremos a lo largo de esta revisión, es C. parvum , que se multiplica preferentemente en las células epiteliales del intestino delgado de los mamíferos desencadenando diarrea por absorción y digestión deficientes y que debido a su escasa especificidad de hospedador, puede transmitirse indistintamente entre los mamíferos domésticos y el hombre (Fayer et al. 1997).

Detalles del artículo

Referencias

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