Orígenes físicos del citoplasma y la emergencia del código genético


Andrés Felipe Díaz Delgadillo

El origen de la vida está ligado al origen del código genético, ningún organismo podría considerarse vivo si no posee la capacidad de transmitir y ejecutar instrucciones químicas replicables, mutables, variables y heredables a futuras generaciones. En esta revisión se aborda el problema de qué condiciones son necesarias para iniciar el origen de los bloques del código genético.

Además se discute el origen ancestral del citoplasma como una matriz bioquímica que soporta la replicación, síntesis y preservación del código genético. La discusión se centra sobre el origen de la vida con pruebas experimentales sobre la síntesis de ADN/ARN ex vivo, sino también con las descripciones fundamentales de los principios biológicos esenciales para el origen de los seres vivos.

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