Producción de ácido láctico por vía biotecnológica

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Carlos Garcia
Guillermo Segundo Arrázola Paternina
Alba Manuela Durango Villadiego
Resumen
El ácido láctico es un ácido orgánico valorado por su aplicación en la industria de alimentos, farmacéutica, química y su potencial como materia prima para la producción de polímeros biodegradables. Por lo tanto, la producción biotecnológica de ácido láctico ha adquirido gran importancia industrial con respecto a la síntesis química debido a que usa materias primas renovables y es amigable con el ambiente. En décadas recientes las investigaciones están direccionadas a optimizar la producción de ácido láctico con la premisa de lograr mayor productividad, rendimientos y bajo costo. Los parámetros del bioproceso tales como los microorganismos, la composición de los nutrientes, los sistemas de producción, bioreactores y metodologías de análisis son revisadas en este documento.
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